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  • Mănăstirea Dealu
    Mănăstirea Dealu © Alex Petrescu
  • Mănăstirea Dealu
    Mănăstirea Dealu © Alex Petrescu
  • Mănăstirea Dealu
    Mănăstirea Dealu © Alex Petrescu

Mănăstirea Dealu

Monastery

quick facts

Aleea Mănăstirii Dealu
1499-1501, reconstr. 1845-1846
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Mentioned in a documentary from the year 1431, the old wooden house was rebuilt from the ground up during the reign of Radu the Great and his brother Vlad the Younger (Vlăduț) between the years 1499-1501 and 1510-1512, being among the most valuable achievements religious architecture of the era.

It was painted between 1514-1515 by the famous painter Dobromir from Târgovişte, assisted by Jitian and Stanciu.

Suffering the robbery of Gabriel Bathory's troops, in January 1611, and the damages caused by the imperial general Heissler's troops in 1689, it was repaired in 1713 and repainted by the great master of Constantin Brâncoveanu, Constantin, helped by Preda, Nicolae and Radu.

Between the years 1845-1853, extensive works were carried out to restore the church and restore the cells initiated by ruler Gheorghe Bibescu, the church being repainted then by the painter A. Derigny.

Between 1912-1940, the Nicolae Filipescu Military High School operated here, which moved to Breaza following the devastating earthquake of 1940.

All the buildings that surround the Church today were rebuilt from the ground up between 1953-1958, by the care of Father Patriarch Justinian, and the church is the only building preserved from the old monastic complex.

The current painting in the church is new, made by the painter Archimandrite Sofian Boghiu. In the vestibule of the church, which became a royal crypt since 1456, there are the tombs of the voivods of Târgovişte: Vladislav II, Radu the Great and his sister Caplea, Vlad the Younger, Vlad the Impaler, Pătraşcu the Good, Mihai Movilă (lord of Moldavia , died in Târgovişte) and Radu Bădica.

In this holy place, where the anti-Ottoman alliance ended in 1598, he found his rest and the precious relic of our history, the bold head of the nation and country's integrator: MIHAI VITEAZU. As a tribute to the founders of culture and the country - Radu cel Mare and Michael the Brave, the white marble sarcophagi located on either side of the pronaos were built between 1912-1913, at the initiative of the Cultural League. Byzantine style of the sculptor Franz Storck.

Housing the press of the first prints from the Romanian territory, made by the monk Macarie: Liturghierul (1508), Octoihul (1510), Evangeliarul (1512), Dealu Monastery also asserted itself as the country's first artistic woodcut and miniature center.

The monument stands out for its strong originality in relation to the other places belonging to this construction type. The balance of the volumes, the slenderness and the classical sobriety of the lines give it an air of elegance, a perfect harmony of proportions. Currently it is a convent of nuns who combine prayer with work.

Text taken from the history of the monastery displayed at the entrance.


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Leaving Târgovişte towards Sinaia;  after about 3 km, you will notice the enigmatic figure of the Dealu monastery on the right.  On the terraces to the left of the Ialomița river, among the orchards and vineyards, the road leads to a plateau where, in 1499, the craftsmen of Radu cel Mare began the construction of the monastery, completed in 1501. The interior painting, made in 1515 by local craftsmen Dobromir,  Jitian and Stanciu, it is executed "with paints and gold".  Dobromir also painted the church in Curtea de Argeș, surpassing the Dealu church in beauty.

 The building, with a triconic plan, is considered one of the most valuable architectural achievements in Wallachia.  The introduction of two small towers on a common parallelepiped base, an innovative solution for the pronaos used for the first time by local craftsmen, gives a touch of originality.  It is the only monument in Wallachia with facades completely clad with faceted and profiled stone, marking the appearance of the girdle on the facade in this region.  The coats of arms of the bell tower from Dealu, together with the portals of the churches of Crețulescu in Târgoviște and Sf. Gheorghe in Câmpulung, represent unique examples of the late Gothic style in the mountain architecture of the time.

 A distinctive feature is the variety of materials used for exterior decoration.  The slabs on the southern sides of the facades, the dials around the doors and windows are made of white marble.

 Over the years, the monument has undergone numerous restorations.  Between 1953-1956, the entire complex was rebuilt as a representative feudal art monument for the XV-XVI centuries, adding all the annexes in the process.

 The Dealu Monastery houses the tombs of Radu the Great, as well as other rulers who succeeded him.  In a sarcophagus, the head of Michael the Brave is preserved, having been cut on Turzii Plain.  Radu Buzescu, a well-known traveler of the time, placed a stone on this grave, on which is engraved the epitaph "Here lies the honest and deceased head of the Christian Michael, the great voivode who was lord of Wallachia, Transylvania and Moldavia".

 His head, that proud and fearsome head, was stolen by a woman and a voivode's faithful to find out the place of burial near the remains of his father, at the Monastery of Deal, above Târgoviște.

 Since then, the dead from Turda cannot find rest.

 Just as Charlemagne was invoked for peace and order, Frederic Redbeard for deeds of bravery, and Matthias the Great and King Edward of England for justice, Heliad the great-grandfather was linked to our efforts for the emancipation of the nation.  The light of his victory shone in a distant past, projecting itself towards an ever closer future for us, generation after generation (N. Iorga).

 The Dealu Monastery, founded during the reign of Radu the Great, was not only a religious but also a cultural center.  Here, under his reign, a printing house was inaugurated that produced "Macarie's Liturgy" in 1508.

 Starting from 1583, the copying of books took place here, and under Matei Basarab the second printing house was installed.

 In 1598, Mihai Viteazul held negotiations at Dealu Monastery with imperial commissioners.  In the 18th-19th centuries, the monastery served as a prison for those punished by the government.  During the war for independence, it was used as a camp for Turkish prisoners.  Towards the end of the 19th century, the divisional school for officers operated, and from 1902, the school for the children of the troops.  In 1912, with the establishment of the "Nicolae Filipescu" military high school, new buildings were erected and the existing buildings were renovated.

 Source: Bucharest-Brașov on variants (Ministry of Tourism, 1976)
Alex Petrescu
4 years ago

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